Driving speed should be such that you can fully control the driving process. Here are some rules:
Keep an eye on the back and side of your vehicle. This will allow you to have a holistic view of what is happening around you. It is especially important to be aware of the presence, direction and speed of movement of all nearby participants, although they are not currently crossing your path.
Before changing lanes, turning or entering the main road, check at least twice that the place you want to take is free. If you observe a vehicle moving on the road or lane you want to enter, you may not notice that the vehicle in front of you has stopped and run over it when turning.
The higher your speed, the wider the area of the road you control should be. As the speed increases, the visible area of the situation ahead decreases. Therefore, at high speeds, your gaze should be more mobile. Don't concentrate it on one point. Look also from the side and from behind.
A significant increase in speeds occurs during the transition from winter to summer. Motorists relax under the influence of spring-summer weather. All around the sun, warmth, dry asphalt under the wheels. And you always want not just to go fast, but to fly. But if a competent, experienced professional is driving, there is nothing wrong with that. But on the other hand, high speeds create critical situations that often lead to tragic and unpredictable consequences! What does a motorist need to know to avoid possible troubles?
At high speeds, the car responds better to the steering wheel. This is not so, just a car at high speed travels a greater distance in the same unit of time as at a smaller one. This misconception is especially dangerous when cornering at high speed.
Even at high speed, you can always brake to an obstacle. At high speeds, the brakes almost never cope with the inertia of the car, which is why braking takes a long time, and, accordingly, requires a long braking distance. And, to top it off, hard braking can cause the wheels to lock up, leaving the car unstable.
Modern cars can drive at high speed on a bumpy road without any problems. Of course not. Even if the car is a huge jeep with lifted suspensions, strong impacts will quickly destroy the suspension and worsen the handling, even losing the direction of the car.
At high speed, the fuel consumption will remain the same - the main thing is not to sharply accelerate. This is not true, because fuel consumption also depends on the resistance of the oncoming air, which increases many times at high speed.
High speed helps you stay awake at night. This statement is incorrect, since the sound of the monotonously humming engine at high revs strongly disturbs concentration and is a kind of "lullaby" for the driver.
All machines are designed for high speed. This is partly true, but it should be borne in mind that the check of the maximum speed is carried out on specially prepared cars, while the usual ones roll off the assembly line, on which defects are often found. Therefore, it is better not to test the car for its extreme performance.
At high speed, attention is sharpened and a person can react instantly. A very common misconception, and a very dangerous one. This effect is achieved due to the fact that at high speed a person concentrates on one point in front of him, while he looks at others 10-15 times less often than at a lower speed. This could cause a serious accident.
At a higher speed, you can reach your destination much faster. It would seem so. But when driving at high speed, a person gets tired faster, which is why he often needs rest on long-distance trains. So, in order to reduce the travel time by at least half an hour, the speed must be increased by at least 40 km / h, which is often dangerous.
Fast driving leads to accelerated engine wear. To a greater extent, the engine wears out when driving around the city in a ragged rhythm and in large traffic jams, where it often overheats.
High speed shows the skill of the driver. A controversial issue, but still the driver's skill can be judged rather by the absence of accidents.
High speed on a heavy car is much more dangerous than on a light one. A heavy car is more confident on the road, and, in addition, it should already be equipped with a braking system of sufficient power. A light car, especially an inexpensive one, will behave worse on the road due to the low load on the wheels, due to the lifting force acting at speeds above 140 km / h.
Even at high speed, you can avoid an obstacle that suddenly appears on the way. Even if the car has a perfectly functional and tuned steering system, the reaction speed can fail. So, at a speed of 200 km / h per second, the car will travel 55 meters.
At high speeds, tires wear out faster. Tire wear does not depend on speed, but on the distance traveled and on the quality of the road.
At high speed, the car does not have time to get dirty. At high speeds, strong aerodynamic turbulence occurs around the vehicle, so it will quickly become covered in mud on wet roads.