Rum (from the English rum) is a strong alcoholic drink made from rum alcohol, which is obtained by fermentation and distillation of juice or waste (molasses) in the production of sugar from sugar cane.
Rum alcohol is diluted with distilled water, added to the solution up to 1% sugar, the resulting mixture (blend) is tinted with burnt sugar and poured into oak barrels, which are kept for at least 4 years at a temperature of 18-23 ° C and a relative humidity of 70-80% ...
In the process of aging, aromatic, coloring and tannins are transferred to alcohol. Rum acquires a brown color with a golden hue and a slightly pungent taste, becomes transparent without turbidity and sediment. The alcohol content is 45-76%.
Rum is produced in all countries where sugar cane is cultivated. Rum is especially popular in Latin America, where it is drunk neat, without dilution. In other countries, rum is mainly used for the preparation of mixed drinks: cocktails - light rum, tonic, refreshing and punches - heavy rum.
Rum is divided into three types: light (Cuban varieties), medium (Puerto Rican, Barbados and Mexican varieties), heavy (Jamaican, Martinique and Trinidad rums). Domestic rum belongs to heavy rums and has an intensely pronounced aroma and taste.
Rum is produced in the Caribbean. Basically, there, in their historical homeland (for the first time the alcoholic properties of rum were discovered in the 17th century on reed Caribbean plantations by local slaves) and even in South America along the Demerara River. Rum is also produced in India and Australia.
Rum holds a special place in the culture of the West Indies. Very often he is associated with piracy and the British Royal Navy, which was engaged in the eradication of sea robbers. At one time, rum was a popular medium of exchange between people (it was used for mutual settlements in Europe) and even the cause of the rum riot in the 19th century in Australia. In addition, due to its popularity, both in colonial America and old Europe, rum became the reason for the spread of slavery on the American continent.
Rum has long been known to mankind. More precisely, his predecessors. For example, fermentable drinks made from sugarcane juice made in ancient India and China, or bram, which has been consumed by the Malays for the last thousand years.
It is customary to drink rum from glasses with a thick bottom and walls. In addition, there must be ice in the glass. Optionally, add a slice of lemon to the drink.
Rum can be consumed neat. It was originally so. In some cases, rum was diluted with lemon juice. And only from the middle of the 18th century, water was added to rum, by order of Admiral Edward Vernon, to avoid the influence of alcohol on sailors.
There is no single standard for Roma. It is divided into categorical groups in each country in its own way, based on the strength of the rum and its minimum exposure. For example, in Colombia, the strength of rum should be at least 50 degrees, while in Venezuela, 40 degrees are enough. Standards for denominating rum in each country will also be different.
Rum diluted with water is called grog. In honor of the fai cloak (in English - grogram cloak), which Admiral Edward Vernon wore in bad weather.
Rum is a traditional drink of English sailors. For a long time, it was included in their daily diet and was abolished only in July 1970.
Rum is used for cooking and drinking. For example, for rum punch or cocktails, the most famous of which is Pina Colada. Interestingly, both light and dark rum can be used for cocktails, while only dark rum is used as a flavoring additive for rum dough and balls. It is also customary to use dark rum for steeping fruits and preserving them.
The production style of rum depends on the locality of its production. So light rum is traditionally made on islands with Hispanic inhabitants, dark rum is more typical for English-speaking islands, but French-speaking areas are famous for the so-called agricultural rum, which retains the characteristic reed flavor. Currently, flavored rum can be tasted. To give the rum a flavor, it is customary to mix it with tropical drinks of the taste of orange, lemon, coconut, mango, etc., with a strength of at least 40 degrees.