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Poker is a card game in which players (from 2 to 10) try to collect a certain combination of 5 cards (the values ​​of the cards are arranged in descending order, from ace to two, and the ace can be the highest (in combination with cards from king to ten), and the lowest card), or force the opponents to stop playing.

The game (in poker terminology - "hand") consists of several rounds of betting ("streets" or "straights"), beginning with the deal of cards, after which the player either makes a bet or leaves the game. Depending on the type of poker, the rules may vary, but all types of this game have a common element - the presence of trade.

There is no consensus about where and when poker appeared, as well as about the origin of the name of this game. "knock").

The first written mention of poker dates back to 1829, since 1834 a deck of 52 cards was used for this game. Over the following years, poker has spread widely throughout the world, and in the United States it even had the status of a national game for some time.

The first major poker competition took place in 1968, when Tom Moore, a resident of San Antonio, Texas, hosted The Texas Gamblers Reunion, which is considered the progenitor of the World Series of Poker (WSOP). Two years later, at the initiative of Benny Binion, the first official tournament of this series took place in Las Vegas, where it has been held annually since then. The winner of this competition will receive an unofficial World Poker Championship title and a gold bracelet.

Since 2004, the player with the most points in the World Series of Poker has been named Player of the Year and receives a cash prize. Since 2006, the tournament has been held in the H.O.R.S.E. variety, players make contributions in the amount of $ 50,000 to participate in the competitions. Tournaments of this kind called the World Series of Poker Europe (WSOPE) have been held in European countries since 2007.

There is also the World Poker Tour, which is a series of international tournaments. These competitions were organized in 2002 by Stephen Lipscomb, and since then are regularly held in various cities around the world.

However, in some countries (in particular, in Russia) poker is equated to gambling and is not considered a sport. Poker is played with a 52-card deck. Yes, but in some cases decks of 32, 36, 54 sheets can be used.

The winning in poker goes to the player with the strongest combination of cards. Mostly yes, but in some varieties of poker the rules are slightly different. In Lowball 2-7 and the lowball 2-7 triple draw variant of this type of poker, the combination of the smallest cards wins. A similar rule applies to "Badugi" (Badugi in translation from Korean - "rainbow") - a type of poker that appeared relatively recently in Korea, and is a combination of "Lowball" and "Draw poker", as well as in the game "Razz ", which is a variation of the game" Stud "(eng. stud). In "Hi-Lo" (English hi-lo, from high-low - "high-low") the winnings are distributed between the players with the strongest and weakest combination of cards. It should be noted that in this type of poker, one player can have both the strongest and the weakest combination at the same time.

When playing poker, each participant receives several open and closed cards, from which they subsequently make up certain combinations. More often than not, this is true. In the game "Stud", each participant receives 4 open and 3 closed cards. In the most popular variety of poker used in various tournaments and competitions, Texas Hold'em - 5 and 2, respectively (this variety also contains the so-called community poker that can be used in time of drawing up combinations of all players). In a game similar to Texas Hold'em, Omaha (sometimes referred to as Omaha Hold'em), players are dealt 4 hole cards and 5 cards face up. In Caribbean Poker, players see only the last card - the rest are dealt face down. But in "Draw poker" players receive only 5 closed cards, which in the process of trading can be exchanged for new ones, also closed.

In poker, only the best players will win. This is not entirely true. According to statistics, strong players win only 60 (maximum 80) games out of 100, and the remaining 40 (20) games lose to less experienced but more successful players. However, it should be remembered that the victory in this game no longer depends on luck, but on the ability to correctly build winning combinations.

All great players have an innate talent for poker. Not necessary. There are many strong players who do not know how to "feel the card", but gain many victories at the card table thanks to persistence and constant practice. According to professional poker players, success in this game depends not so much on an innate predisposition to it (although it will be much easier for people with the aforementioned abilities to master playing skills), but on a careful study of the rules of poker and regular practical application of the acquired knowledge and skills at the card tables ...

One of the varieties of poker is called "Horse" (English "horse"). In fact, this name is an acronym (HORSE), consisting of the first letters of the names of the poker games ("Hold'em", "Omaha", "Razz", "Stud", "Hi-Lo Stud"), which are part of the game in "Horse" ".

Video poker is a type of poker. There is indeed a version of poker for slot machines (video poker), but experts do not classify it as a type of poker, since there is no trade in this game.

"Odessa poker" - and not poker at all. Yes it is. "Odessa poker", also referred to as "Georgian poker" or "Joker", which developed in the Soviet Union on the basis of the German game "Opendum", has nothing to do with poker itself. The mentioned game is more like a preference.

The main thing in poker is signs. Sometimes, based on the facial expressions and behavior of the player, it is really possible to draw some conclusions about the combination of his cards. However, it should be remembered that truly truthful information can only be obtained when the enemy is a beginner in the game. In other cases, this or that behavior of a poker player is just a component of a bluff - a deceptive trick, with the help of which he hopes to withdraw stronger opponents from the game and take the pot. Therefore, experienced players pay more attention to their own cards and thinking over possible combinations than to signs from the opponent's side.

Poker is easier to win at the card table than online. Most often, this opinion is expressed by beginners. Experienced players argue that the number of successes and failures depends more on the skills, abilities and playing style of the poker player. It doesn't matter whether he sees his opponent or not.

Before the game, partners can come to an agreement and, thanks to thoughtful and well-coordinated actions, mislead opponents. Yes it is possible. But experienced players are usually pretty quick to detect and stop this kind of action. It should also be noted that in online poker, players (most often located in different countries) are less likely to come to terms with each other than, for example, casino visitors. You can minimize the possibility of becoming a victim of player collusion by playing in tournaments where places are allocated by random selection, which significantly reduces the chances of colluding poker players to get to the same table.

Online casinos often scam and receive big bucks. Website scams of this kind do occur, but not very often. It is more profitable for poker rooms to have a reputation of honest online organizations - after all, they will earn much more money from advertising and holding various kinds of tournaments than simply cheating during regular games.

To play online poker you need a fast internet connection. Yes, if a person wants to take part in a game with high stakes or compete at several tables at the same time. In other cases, ultra-fast Internet is not so necessary - even a dial-up connection is enough.

Poker, like any gambling, leads to personality degradation. Much depends on the moral foundations of the player and on what kind of poker is involved. Gambling addiction (uncontrollable, painful craving for gambling) most often affects people who play in casinos or online. Among professional sports poker players, it is almost impossible to meet gambling addicts, frivolous individuals, adventurers, or stupid people.

Straight flash in translation from English means "suit in order". In poker, the aforementioned combination really exists - a player has 5 cards of the same suit in order (for example, 10,9,8,7 and 6 clubs). For the name of this combination (the second most senior in poker), the mistaken transcription of "street-flash" (English street - "street", flash - "flash") is most often used - a phrase that means "street flash". Correctly you should pronounce "straight flush" - this phrase really translates as "5 cards in order" or "suit in order". The names of other combinations in poker are also mispronounced: "royal flush" (you should pronounce "royal flush", from the English royal flush - "royal suit") - a combination of the highest value, consisting of 5 senior cards (from ace to ten) of the same suit, "flush" (correctly - "flush" from English flush - "suit") - 5 any cards of the same suit, "straight" (correct transcription - "straight", from English straight - "order") - 5 cards in order (suit does not matter). The term "street" is also present in poker, but it does not mean a combination of cards, but one of the betting rounds.

Freeroll is a free poker tournament. In tournaments of this kind, the prize pool is really not created at the expense of the players' contributions - prizes (not only cash - as a reward, the winner can receive some things or the right to participate in other tournaments, so-called freeroll satellites) is allocated either by poker -room, or sponsors (viewers, TV companies, etc.). However, most often in such tournaments, firstly, not everyone can participate (since they are held for regular or very active players, such as the Professional Poker Tour). Secondly, in order to increase the chances of winning, players make some payments (for example, they pay for additional chips - rebuys (English re-buy - "re-purchase") and add-ons (English add-on - "addition")). Sometimes, freerolls are mistakenly considered tournaments in which the winner receives only virtual chips that do not have a cash equivalent, or collects a certain number of points, which can subsequently be exchanged for prizes or cash equivalent. In addition, the term freeroll is also used to refer to certain situations in the game.

Only players with weak cards bluff. Yes, if we are talking about a bluff - both clean (with a weak "hand" that has no chance of improvement) and semi-bluff (with a "hand" that has many opportunities to improve before the cards are shown) or check- a raise that acts as a bluff. However, in some cases, the owners of a very strong "hand" also resort to deceitful maneuvers. For example, the mentioned check-raise can help the owner of a strong hand increase the amount of money in the pot and take opponents out of the game. Slowplay (sandbagging) - passive play, also helps to increase the pot by leaving weaker opponents at the table, which the owner of a very strong "hand" hopes to easily defeat.

Women do not participate in poker competitions. Completely erroneous opinion. The fair sex takes part in competitions on an equal basis with men. For example, the World Series has separate tournaments for casino workers and women. Norwegian woman Anette Obrestad also won the first WSOPE tournament.

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