Rhythmic gymnastics - various gymnastic exercises (dynamic and plastic) performed to music. To perform some exercises, athletes use various objects (a tape about 6 meters long, a ball with a diameter of 18-20 cm, a rope (colored and without handles), a hoop with a diameter of 80-90 cm and clubs, the length of which is 40-50 cm).
The gymnast spends from 57 to 90 seconds to perform the exercise, and the end of the performance must coincide with the end of the music (if the athlete uses a projectile, she must touch it on the final note). Assessment is carried out on a 20-point scale.
The first Higher School of Rhythmic Gymnastics appeared in Russia, in Leningrad, at the P.F. Lesgaft, in 1913. As a sport, the mentioned discipline was formed in the middle of the last century.
Since 1984, rhythmic gymnastics has been included in the Olympic sports, and since 1986, both individual and group competitions have been included in the program of all Olympiads.
The range of exercises in rhythmic gymnastics is quite extensive. It really is. Indeed, in addition to exercises without objects (jumps, waves, swinging, balance, etc.) and exercises with objects, gymnasts perform elements of classical, folk, historical, everyday and modern dances, pantomime, as well as elements of basic gymnastics, acrobatics, rhythmics and exercises from other sports.
Only women are engaged in rhythmic gymnastics. Misconception. In parallel with rhythmic gymnastics, men's rhythmic gymnastics is developing. This sport originated in Japan, where at the end of the last century, group exercises of male gymnasts performed to music became very popular. Of the shells, male clubs, a jump rope and two small hoops are used. Nowadays, groups of boys-gymnasts have appeared in many countries of the world, including Russia (they are trained by a specially invited Japanese coach for this purpose).
You can start doing rhythmic gymnastics at any age. This is not entirely true. It is best to start practicing this sport from 4-6 years old, until the musculoskeletal system has lost its flexibility. However, there are exceptions. For example, six-time world champion Amina Zaripova came to rhythmic gymnastics at the age of 11, but this did not prevent her from achieving victories in many competitions.
Rhythmic gymnastics is one of the branches of artistic gymnastics. The school of artistic movement (this was the name of the first school of rhythmic gymnastics, opened in 1913 at the Leningrad Institute of Physical Culture named after P.F. Lesgaft), talented teachers of rhythmic gymnastics (Emile Jacques del Croz), dance gymnastics (Georges Deminy), aesthetic gymnastics (François Delsarte) and free dance (Isadora Duncan). It was as a result of the merger of these areas that the sport, known today as "rhythmic gymnastics", emerged.
Rhythmic gymnastics competitions have been held since the 60s of the last century. Yes, the first official international meeting took place in 1960 in Sofia. In December 1963, the first international competitions in this sport were held in Budapest, called at first the European Cup, but, during the summing up, they were renamed the World Championship (since it turned out that not only athletes from European countries took part in the competition). However, competitions in rhythmic gymnastics were held earlier - first only in Leningrad (in April 1941), later - on the territory of the entire Soviet Union. Since 1949, the USSR championships have been held annually, and since 1965 the athletes competed for the USSR Cup.
Today, the world and European championships in rhythmic gymnastics are held annually. This has been the case since 1992. Previously, the world championships were held on odd years, i.e. once every 2 years (from 1963 to 1991), and the European Championships - on even years, also every 2 years (from 1978 to 1992).
The decision to include rhythmic gymnastics in the number of Olympic sports was made in 1984. The Olympic history of this sport really begins in 1984, when one set of medals in the individual all-around was played at the XXIII Olympic Games in Los Angeles (USA). However, the decision to classify rhythmic gymnastics as an Olympic sport was made at the IOC Congress after the end of the Olympics in Moscow, in 1980.
At the end of the last century, the strongest gymnasts were Canadians - after all, it was an athlete from this country who won the gold medal at the 1984 Olympics. No, at that time the best results were shown by the athletes of the USSR and Bulgaria (and almost all the time, excluding the period from 1973 to 1977, Bulgaria held the championship). But due to the fact that the Moscow Olympics were boycotted by some capitalist countries, many socialist countries did not send their representatives to the 1984 Olympic Games, which were held in the United States. As a result, athletes competed for Olympic medals, demonstrating not the best results at other competitions. For example, Canadian gold medalist Lori Fang took only 9th place at the 1985 World Championships.
The system of assessing the performances of gymnasts has changed several times. The change in technical regulations was intended to highlight the technical elements and to minimize the possibility of subjectivity in the scoring. Until 2001, the performances of athletes were assessed on a 10-point scale, in 2003 a 30-point scale was introduced, which was replaced in 2005 by a 20-point one.
Gymnasts do not take doping, because they cannot increase muscle mass. Yes, you don't need to build muscle for this sport. But the athletes still undergo doping control. The fact is that in order to quickly lose weight before the competition, gymnasts often take diuretics (diuretics), which are considered doping and are prohibited by the anti-doping committee.
Classes with young gymnasts begin with stretching, most often very hard and painful. Stretching does take place, but, firstly, each coach determines the level of flexibility of the little athlete and recommends certain exercises to improve stretching. Secondly, they never start working with young gymnasts with hard painful stretch marks - the increase in flexibility occurs gradually. However, from the very beginning, the child should be prepared for the fact that in training it will be necessary to make some efforts, without which serious achievements in this sport (as in any other) are simply impossible.
It is best to send your child to a serious rhythmic gymnastics school, whose coaches have trained many champions in this sport. Much depends on the goal. If parents dream of a sports career for their child and are confident in the abilities of the future gymnast (without which it is difficult to achieve outstanding results even with the most experienced coach), indeed, one should give preference to a serious school with experienced coaches. And at the same time prepare for the fact that in order to achieve this goal, a long painstaking work of the coach, parents and, of course, the youngest athlete will be required. If the focus is only on the development of plasticity, coordination of movements, flexibility, the acquisition of a beautiful posture, and the desire to win is relegated to the background, any section will do, for example, at the regional palace of culture and sports, where there are requirements, and loads, and payment smaller.
If a young gymnast is studying in a non-prestigious rhythmic gymnastics section, she has no chance of getting into big sports. If a young athlete demonstrates good results in competitions, coaches from serious rhythmic gymnastics schools or schools that train future Olympic champions can pay attention to her.
Rhythmic gymnastics equipment and equipment cost a lot of money. Yes, when it comes to performance swimwear embroidered with rhinestones and quality balls, clubs, ribbons, hoops, etc. However, at first, it is not at all necessary to acquire the above items. It is enough to buy an ordinary comfortable swimsuit and gym shoes, and the school of rhythmic gymnastics often provides its own equipment.
In the rhythmic gymnastics section, you can develop flexibility and plasticity, as well as develop a beautiful posture. In addition, young athletes develop a sense of rhythm, coordination of movements, which easily allows them, for example, to move on to dancing. During classes and especially performances in rhythmic gymnastics (as in all spectacular sports), girls learn to present themselves in the most favorable light, practicing confident and beautiful gestures, postures and facial expressions. These skills are necessary for every woman and not only in competitions, but also in everyday life.
The most promising is the national version of rhythmic gymnastics. No, in the opinion of the coaches, in order to achieve great success in competitions, one should not only develop the national features of this sport, but also learn from the rivals, enriching the performances with various new elements and techniques. In addition, for a deeper exchange of experience, serious schools of rhythmic gymnastics sometimes invite coaches from other countries. For example, coaches from Bulgaria (who taught gymnasts some of the peculiarities of working with apparatus) and Japan came to Russia, and Russian coaches taught in England, the USA, etc.
Gymnasts try to be as slim and graceful as possible, they always don't eat enough. Therefore, hungry fainting in this sport is not uncommon. Yes, slimness and grace in this sport are extremely important. But nutritional deficiency is out of the question - after all, the training schedule of athletes is quite intense, with such a level of physical activity, an overly moderate diet can harm the body. Therefore, for gymnasts (as well as for all athletes), a diet has been developed that allows them to maintain body weight within normal limits and easily endure large physical exertion during training and performances.
Even in everyday life, gymnasts have to comply with a number of restrictions and prohibitions. Yes, some prohibitions do exist. For example, you cannot walk in high heels, be too close to the air conditioner, go outside immediately after visiting the pool, etc. These restrictions are dictated solely by concern for the health and sports career of young gymnasts - after all, if an athlete catches a cold or twists her leg, she will not be able to attend training, and there can be no talk of performances.
With a high intensity of training, gymnasts simply do not have time for personal life. And the coaches are against the fact that the time and thoughts of the athletes were busy with anything that has nothing to do with sports. Coaches try to provide their wards with the opportunity to visit theaters, cinemas, various evenings, etc. And they have nothing against falling in love - after all, mutual feelings make girls more emotional, open, and bright.
The more often and longer the training, the higher the results. According to experts, the best results can be achieved if a young gymnast goes to training 3 times a week. The duration of classes varies depending on the age category: preschool children do not study longer than 45 minutes, schoolchildren - 1.5 hours. The maximum allowable load is 1.5 hours 5 times a week.
At competitions, gymnasts perform exercises both with and without apparatus. Yes, if we are talking about competitions for the championship of the region or country. However, in recent world-class competitions, performances without apparatus have not been provided.