Every mother, having given birth to a child, is faced with a lot of advice from relatives, friends, doctors, neighbors, etc. And almost everyone noted that the information given by "knowledgeable" people is extremely different from each other. Let's take a look at the most common tips to determine which ones to avoid.
Frequent breastfeeding leads to insufficient milk production. If the baby is given the opportunity to suckle as often as he asks (due to hunger, thirst, psycho-emotional discomfort, etc.), the amount of milk meets the needs of the baby. The volume of breast milk depends on the hormone prolactin, which is produced when the baby sucks on the breast (assuming proper latching!). Therefore, if the baby sucks 6 times, tomorrow 6 servings of milk will be produced in the breast, if 15 times - therefore, 15 servings of milk.
It is necessary to take long intervals between feedings so that the breasts have time to fill. Breast milk is produced continuously. It has been proven that the more often the baby empties the breast, the faster and more it will synthesize milk. And the fuller the breasts, the slower milk production will be. In addition, breast milk contains a substance that reduces or inhibits milk production. In the event that a lot of milk remains in the breast, the inhibitor stops its further secretion. This prevents the breasts from being overfilled. If breast milk is removed from the mammary glands by sucking or expressing, the inhibitor is also removed. And then the mammary glands produce more milk.
If the baby does not gain weight well, then the reason is the mother's "bad" milk ("pale", "low-fat", etc.). Studies have shown that milk quality changes only when the mother is extremely malnourished. In other cases, even with nutritional deficiencies, a woman is able to produce milk in sufficient quantity and quality. And the composition of milk is different for different women. And even one, depending on the weather, the health of the child and during feeding. First - "front", rich in water and immunoglobulins, later - "back", saturated with fats.
After getting to know the nipple, the baby begins to be lazy and refuse to breast, because it is harder to suck on the breast. In fact, when sucking the breast and the bottle, different muscles are involved, different work is done (the muscles of the cheeks when sucking the nipple, and the tongue when sucking the breast). A baby who knows how to suck on a nipple captures the breast in a bottle-like manner. (Only a small part of children can suck in two ways at the same time) After such feeding, problems begin - trauma and soreness of the nipple, lactostasis and mastitis, a decrease in milk production. The baby spends a lot of energy with this sucking, gets tired and worried. In addition, not enough milk flows out of the breast, so the baby does not fill up. Therefore, most of the children, even after a short experience with the pacifier, refuse to breast. This problem often arises if, before getting to know the mother's breast, the baby was given a bottle in the maternity hospital (pre-lactation feeding). Some mothers believe that this will not happen to them, because they do not give a bottle, only a dummy. In fact, studies have shown that 65% of babies who regularly suckle a pacifier give up breast by 3 months. This is due to nipple confusion. In addition, reducing the number of breastfeeding sessions with a pacifier leads to a decrease in milk production.
At the time of the child's illness, it is worth switching to artificial feeding. Following this advice will only harm the baby, because The most important part of treating a sick baby is continuing breastfeeding. Breast milk contains anti-infective factors that prevent the spread of infection. Therefore, a baby who receives breast milk during an illness recovers faster than a bottle-fed baby. Breast milk is easily digestible food (unlike formula), which is especially important for a sick baby. Because of the illness, the child experiences pain, fear. Breastfeeding will calm him down, give relief (the production of endorphins during breast sucking) and a feeling of comfort ("heaven" on earth for a baby is under her mother's breast). Sucking a baby's breast when it is correctly grabbed is much easier than sucking from a bottle. In addition, studies have shown that breastfeeding does not lead to breathing problems, unlike bottle feeding.
After the baby is 1 year old, there is no need to feed him further breast milk. In the second year of life, breast milk is still necessary for the baby. Although it no longer meets 100% of the child's needs, it is still an important source of nutrients. For example, in the second year of life, the baby receives 31% of the daily energy intake, 38% of protein, 95% of vitamin C from breast milk. In addition, anti-infectious factors of breast milk (leukocytes, immunoglobulins, bifidus factor, lactoferrin) protect the baby from infection. Undoubted proof of the need for breast milk in the second year is the presence of the necessary hormones, tissue growth factors, biologically active substances, which are not present in artificial mixtures or in adult food. This explains the best indicators of health, intellectual and physical development in children when breastfeeding for more than a year.
The baby should stop breastfeeding until the signs of jaundice have cleared. It should be supplemented with water and glucose during this period. Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and conjunctiva of the eyes. There are several types of jaundice that occurs in newborns. Physiological jaundice. It occurs as a result of normal physiological processes (additional red blood cells are destroyed). As a result, additional bilirubin appears, which the baby's liver does not have time to cope with. He paints the skin and eyes yellow. Bilirubin is excreted in the stool, so the more often it is, the sooner the jaundice goes away. If the child is limited in breastfeeding, then he will not receive enough colostrum, which accelerates the excretion of bilirubin. This can be dangerous for the child as in high concentrations, bilirubin is toxic to healthy cells. It has now been proven that the best prevention and treatment of jaundice is early breastfeeding (in the delivery room) and frequent feeding (on demand). Sometimes you can hear the advice to add a glucose solution to the crumbs in order to "dilute" the bilirubin. But current research indicates that glucose solution can worsen the situation by retaining stool and decreasing the amount of milk a child drinks. In the first week of life, you should feed your baby at least every 2-3 hours during the day and every 3-4 hours and more often at night. If the baby is asleep, he should be woken up. It is very important that the baby receives additional fat-rich hind milk. This stimulates the stool, speeds up the elimination of bilirubin, and also leads to good weight gain. To speed up the resolution of jaundice, you should often expose the child to indirect sunlight. In rare cases, phototherapy is required. This treatment can lead to dehydration, which means that the baby needs to have enough fluids. Undoubtedly, the best liquid for crumbs is mother's milk.
Hemolytic jaundice. It develops on the 1st day or immediately after birth. It is the result of the incompatibility of the mother's and child's blood groups. This condition requires treatment. But, despite this, breastfeeding should be continued. Jaundice of breast milk. A rare form, occurs in about 2-4% of all jaundice of newborns. Unlike other forms, it begins 5-7 days after birth and peaks at 7-10 days. This condition continues for several weeks, sometimes months. But it proceeds easily, but usually without consequences. If the level of bilirubin is dangerously high, then you should stop breastfeeding, for a maximum of a day, and feed the baby with your own warmed milk (heating milk to 56 ° C for 15 minutes helps to lower the level of bilirubin), or milk formulas.
Modern artificial mixtures are identical in composition and benefits to breast milk. Mother's milk is a unique product created by nature itself. Formulas are inferior copies based on incomplete knowledge of what breast milk is. Currently, the composition of artificial mixtures contains about 30-40 components, while in human milk there are about 100 (these are only those that are known to science, it is assumed that in fact there are about 300-400). Most formulas are based on cow's milk. However, by nature, cow's milk is provided for the calf, for which the growth rate is important, and not the quality of development processes. For a human baby, on the contrary, therefore, the composition of human and cow's milk is different.
Every woman's breast milk meets the needs of her baby. Therefore milk differs from woman to woman. In addition, the composition of milk changes depending on the weather, health and age of the baby, time of day, and even during one feeding ("front" and "back" milk). The composition of the mixture is constant and cannot fully satisfy the needs of the crumbs. Artificial milk does not contain antibodies, living cells and other protective factors that protect the body from infections, suppress the growth of pathogenic microbes, promote the growth of beneficial microflora, and increase the level of protection of the cells of the child's body. It contains much more protein, aluminum, manganese, cadmium, iron and salt than breast milk, so the load on the digestive system, liver and kidneys of a baby who is bottle-fed increases 3 times. And one more quality of mother's milk, irreplaceable by artificial mixtures, is the content in it of a whole complex of growth factors, special hormones that regulate the growth and development of the child. Therefore, children receiving breast milk have optimal rates of physical and neuropsychic development. In Europe, infant formulas are regularly recalled from the market due to formulation errors or industrial and bacterial contamination.
The mixtures contain heavy metals such as lead, aluminum, cadmium and mercury, chemical residues of pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, genetically modified components were found in 70% of popular baby food samples. And now there is more and more scientific evidence that it is dangerous and harmful. When breastfeeding, a special emotional contact is established between the child and the mother, forming a sense of security and calmness in the child. It has now been proven that children who are breastfed are much less likely to get rickets, anemia, pneumonia, acute respiratory and other infectious diseases, and they do not have allergic reactions so often. They are distinguished by good physical development, calmer, more balanced, affable and benevolent, they have a better development of intelligence, they are more contact, more attached to their mother and loved ones. When breastfeeding, not only the baby, but also the mother wins. Lactation helps to quickly overcome the consequences of childbirth, reliably protects the mother from pregnancy (subject to several conditions), reduces the risk of cancer of the female genital organs, breast cancer, osteoporosis, etc. Moreover, it saves money on the family budget. Mixtures are a way out when there is no other way out. You have to weigh the pros and cons.
The introduction of complementary foods should begin at 3-4 months. The World Health Organization claims that children who are exclusively breastfed for up to 6 months (i.e. receive only breast milk and no other food or drink) are less susceptible to infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, among them there was no lag in physical development. Thus, if the mother only breastfeeds the baby, then complementary foods must be introduced after 6 months. But there should be individual terms for the introduction of complementary foods for children who are mixed or bottle-fed.
Breastfeeding can ruin the shape of your breasts. Breast shape certainly changes - both during pregnancy and during lactation. But in women who have not nursed a single child, the breast also loses its shape after 30 years.
During breastfeeding, a woman gains a lot. It does happen sometimes. But usually due to the fact that women are of the opinion that during feeding, you need to eat twice as much as usual. Doctors used to recommend about 500 extra calories. Now they came to the conclusion that it is not worth changing your diet. The female body needs a lot of liquid to produce milk, about 2 liters per day. If you are worried about your figure, give preference to water.
Breastfeeding is a painful process. We'll have to endure and suffer. In fact: completely wrong. Pain during feeding is associated primarily with improper attachment of the baby to the breast. In no case should you endure the pain when feeding. First, it can lead to mastitis, and secondly, the child will remain hungry. If the baby is in the correct position, then at first pain may occur only when the baby grabs the breast. This pain only lasts a few minutes and stops when sucking begins.
During breastfeeding, you can only eat a certain set of foods so that the mother's diet does not harm the baby. One of the greatest benefits of breast milk is the ability to give your baby a palette of different tastes: the more varied your menu is, the more taste sensations your baby gets. Some foods, such as garlic, onion, melon, herring, etc., add some piquancy to the taste, and this may not please the child. If you are used to eating onions during pregnancy, for example, this will most likely not bother your baby. If you include these dishes in your diet from time to time, it can provoke intestinal upset in your baby.
Babies who have been breastfed are strongly attached to their mother. Indeed, babies who have been breastfed have a deeper emotional contact with their mother. As practice shows, such children are better adapted to life, feel more confident and secure, and establish contacts with people more easily. But this is more of a virtue of breastfeeding than a disadvantage.
Breastfeeding severely limits mothers' freedom of movement. After all, you need to feed the baby strictly according to the clock and keep a strictly defined time at the breast, so as not to overfeed the baby. Indeed, during the period of breastfeeding - before the introduction of complementary foods (up to about 6 months), the mother is almost always near the child. But this is necessary for many reasons. It is believed that the "postpartum period" lasts about six months, when hormonal changes occur in the female body, and during this time it is better for a woman to take care of herself. When it comes to feeding "by the clock", this is another very common misconception. The child himself determines when he needs an "increase".