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Basketball (from the English "basket" - "basket" and "ball" - "ball") is a team game, the goal of which is to throw the ball into the opponent's basket (hoop of a special shape) with your hands. This game, which has now gained worldwide popularity, was invented in 1891 by a simple teacher at the American College of Springfield (Massachusetts) James Naismith.
Noticing that the students were bored with the generally accepted sports games, the resourceful physical education instructor nailed baskets of peaches to the balcony in the gym and invited the students to throw a ball at them, bypassing the opponent's players. Moreover, the ball was passed from hand to hand, and after a successful throw, the basket had to be emptied - one of the students had to climb the stairs and get the ball.
Time passed - and basketball turned from an ordinary fun into a well-known Olympic sport. Now, very few people do not know what basketball is. But, unfortunately, very often the knowledge of an ordinary viewer is superficial, therefore there are many myths about the game itself and the people who have devoted their lives to basketball, which we will try to debunk.
The game, created by James Naismith, had no analogues in history. Most often, the new is the well-forgotten old. A game similar to basketball has existed about 3000 years ago. In Mexico, a platform with two stone rings was found, and a bas-relief depicting the decapitation of the captain of a defeated team serves as a clear evidence of how the rules of the game in ancient times differed from the present. The rules followed by the Aztecs in the 16th century during the game Pok-ta-Pok (analogous to basketball - the game was played with elbows, knees and heads, the goal of the players was to throw a rubber ball into a vertically fixed ring) were softer - the winner had the right to appropriate all the property of the spectator, which he (the player) will be able to catch up.
During the existence of basketball, the rules of the game have changed little. Misconception. At the beginning of the history of basketball, players were required to comply with only 13 rules, now their number has exceeded 200, and some innovations are dictated by the need to make the game more spectacular and vivid (for example, the 30 second rule). The rules of the game are periodically reviewed by the FIBA World Technical Commission and then approved by the Federation Central Bureau.
All basketballs are the same. Of course, basketball equipment is standardized (ball weight is 567-650 grams, circumference 749-780 mm), but there is still a difference. The smallest balls are used for playing mini-basketball, the slightly larger ones are used for women's teams, the largest ones are best for male players. In addition, indoor balls are used only for indoor games, while indoor / outdoor balls are better suited for indoor and outdoor basketball competitions.
Only very tall athletes can be successful in basketball. In fact, players of average and even relatively small stature can do well in this game. For example, the growth of the world famous Tyrone Boggs was only 160 cm, Earl Boykins - 165 cm, Anthony Webb - 175 cm.
Blacks play basketball best. No, success in this sport depends on the ability to masterfully control your body and knowledge of game techniques, and not on the color of the player's skin.
You can play basketball at any suitable court. Yes it is. However, since 1968, official competitions in this sport have been held exclusively indoors.
It is easy for the center to draw attention to himself. This is not entirely true. The fact is that the role in which the player performs, presupposes a certain attitude of the fans to his actions. A center scoring from above is quite normal, but a player who has done the same, whose height is 169-175 cm, is already an out of the ordinary event, deserving respect and thunderous applause. So, to gain fame, the center will have to work hard.
Many tall guys dream of becoming centers. Completely erroneous opinion. Very rarely tall people come to basketball on their own - most often coaches or scouts, having met a tall, strong boy on the street, spend a lot of time and effort on persuasion, and often their efforts are in vain.
For a bad game, a basketball player will quickly be kicked out of the team. Much depends on what role the player has. For example, a center can play poorly, move from team to team - and still keep afloat. And after a serious injury and a long break, he can easily return to big sport. A player of small stature will not succeed.
Centers are more likely to be injured than other players. Alas, this is so. Tall basketball players often suffer from problems with knee joints, and spinal injuries (due to a pronounced center of gravity) are common for them.
Very tall basketball players are often shy about their height. Several decades ago, this state of affairs actually took place. After all, it was difficult for a person who was too tall to get himself normal clothes, and in ordinary life such people were most often clumsy. Nowadays, thanks to the latest training methods, the centers perfectly coordinate their bodies, therefore growth for them both in sports is a help, and in everyday life it is not a hindrance.
The mental development of the centers lags behind the physical. There was a time when, due to increased training, the pituitary gland of the centers worked only to increase growth, as a result of which mental development slowed down. New training methods do not have any effect on the pituitary gland, therefore the intelligence of a tall player is in no way inferior (and sometimes even exceeds) the abilities of basketball players of average height.
Any professional basketball player can become a coach. Most often, point guards become coaches, and, for example, a center, in order to start teaching, will have to learn a lot. But, more often than not, at the end of their careers, it is the centers who can go on a well-deserved rest with a calm heart - the size of their earnings quite allows them.
On the plane, the center is redeemed a whole row, special beds are provided at the base, etc. In the NBA, this is the case. But athletes from many countries simply cannot afford it, and therefore suffer during flights and in hotels on too short beds. True, if the bed does not have a back, you can find a way out (for example, substitute stools or hang your legs).
The coaches do not criticize the center play because they are afraid. In fact, tall players rarely demonstrate their explosive character and physical superiority over those around them. Most often, the centers are very kind, attentive, and, at the same time, slow. They perceive information slowly, think for a long time, but then they do everything right.
Centers are not friendly with other players. Many tall players do not have many friends, not only in the team, but also in life. The fact is that the centers are typical phlegmatic people. They are kind, reliable, but they themselves will never take the first step towards rapprochement. And not at all because they consider themselves superior to others - more often than not they are simply lazy.