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Humanity is constantly at war. But what if the enemy's army is superior in strength? Tactics come to the rescue. With the help of certain techniques, you can defeat an even stronger enemy. It is no coincidence that the names of the best military tacticians and strategists are known to everyone, and their actions and steps are studied in military academies as an example of art.
But there are some tactics that look crazy at first. The most interesting thing is that they, being desperate and hastily accepted, are sometimes successful. And although it seems that such tactics are actually a death sentence for the executor, in reality they bring him victory. The most unusual such manifestations of military art will be discussed.
Army cat. Throughout human history, animals have been used in the army. But usually they played an episodic role without influencing events in a decisive way. But the Persian king Cambyses II used cats so elegantly that it had never occurred to anyone before him. He fought the Egyptians at the Battle of Pelusia in 525 BC. In those years, cats occupied an important and high place in Egyptian society. That is why the Ahmenid empire used this status of an animal to their advantage when invading Egypt. Cambyses ordered his soldiers to paint cats on their shields, and hundreds of members of the family marched along with the attackers. And this plan worked - the Egyptian archers refused to shoot at the sacred animals and their images. After all, the death of a cat was a crime punishable by death. Together, the Egyptians preferred to retreat, most of them died. So the cunning Persians forced the pharaoh to surrender.
Sikh-Spartans. When it comes to the Sikhs, the Hindus are usually of a warlike appearance. Just how brave are they? Few people know that in one of the battles 48 soldiers resisted one hundred thousand soldiers. These Sikhs fled from the Mughal Empire after the fall of the city of Anandpur Sahib. A few days later, the warriors took refuge in a dilapidated, dirty fortress, but were awakened by the Mughal forces surrounding them. Most would have preferred to surrender without waiting for the start of the assault. But the brave Sikhs decided to hold the defense against a much superior enemy, as once the representatives of Sparta. It took them time for their leaders to escape. One way or another, but 48 men distracted the enemy all night. The brave Sikhs killed 3,000 people but were able to ensure the survival of their religion.
A siege within a siege. After the uprising of the Gauls in Alesia in 52 BC. Julius Caesar with his 60 thousandth army of legionnaires laid siege to the city, which was defended by an 80,000th army. But the messengers managed to get out of the city, calling the Gauls for help. Caesar heard that a new army of 120,000 was moving here. Then he decided not to retreat, but simply to build fortifications on the other side of his army. Over the next few weeks, the Romans not only besieged Alesia, but also defended themselves on the other side. And on October 2, the Romans were attacked from two sides at once. But Caesar personally led a cavalry charge of 6,000 horsemen and attacked the Gauls besieging him outside. The commander defeated the forces ten times superior to him and forced the city to surrender.
Submarine hammers. German submarines played an important role in disrupting American, French and British supplies during the First World War. Solitary submariners such as Kretschmer were responsible for the sinking of up to 200,000 tons of cargo. This led to the fact that at Christmas Europe was left without a Christmas turkey with potatoes, replacing the holiday dish with canned food. Without the support of submarines, it was rather difficult for sailors to take any measures on their own. Strange decisions were used. The craziest was the use of a hammer and sack against submarines. In the middle of the night, the convoy sent a blacksmith and several gunners on the raft on the raft. After the team noticed the periscope, they had to quietly swim up to it and either wrap the optical instrument in a bag, or even just break it with a hammer. So the submarines were blinded and forced to rise to the surface. The method turned out to be so simple and effective that it made it possible to neutralize as many as 16 submarines.
Use of the worst technology: Taking a knife with you to a firefight is a rash step, in this case, spears and arrows will not work. This is how many peoples found themselves defenseless against the Europeans with their research. That is why it seems strange to use biplanes on the Eastern Front of World War II. And it was precisely such obsolete aircraft that the Soviet army commissioned, although the Luftwaffe possessed much more advanced technology. Surprisingly, women flew on the Po-2 plane, and even at night. They were called night witches, they were not afraid of death. Perhaps it was precisely because the pilots were women that such a gap in technology was ignored. But the night witches proved to be excellent - having carried out more than twenty thousand sorties by the end of the war. The secret of success was the fact that much more modern fighters simply could not fly so slowly and shoot the Po-2 in one go. The slow-moving bomber carried only two bombs, but its obsolete wooden structure was invisible to radars. The plane was so simple that it was literally yesterday's schoolgirls who boarded it after several hours of training.
Christian burial. The tale of the Trojan horse is useful for city guards who need to be attentive to unexpected gifts. In this case, a similar step was taken by quite historical Vikings. Their leader, Hasten, decided in 860 to conquer Rome itself. But the Vikings were much better at plundering villages than besieging cities. So Hasten pretended to be dying, who certainly wants to convert to Christianity before dying. And for this it was necessary to be baptized in a church inside the city. So the Vikings went in a "funeral" procession through the central gate. And Hasten even managed to go through all the mysteries before jumping off the stretcher and attacking. According to another version, he even made his way into the city in a coffin, feigning death. And to honor the memory of the leader, 50 soldiers came to the city, each of whom carried a sword under a mantle. And although the plan was successfully carried out, the robbers themselves quickly realized that instead of Rome, they were in another city, in Luni.
Patient waiting. In 1191, King Richard the Lionheart clashed with Salah ad-Din's army at Arsuf. The Crusader army was almost three times smaller, but it had much fewer horsemen, which made it impossible for it to be mobile. Meeting the troops face to face would be suicide for the Europeans. Instead, Richard formed a perimeter defense, covering his backs with the river. The Crusaders had to withstand a constant powerful attack from the Ayyubids. This lasted from early morning until noon. The king's tactic was patient waiting. Finally, Sadah ad-Din became impatient. He ordered his riflemen to come closer, believing that the crusaders were incapable of resistance. But Richard gave the signal to counterattack. The heavy cavalry crushed the unfortified positions of the Saracens, and the battle was won.
Burning camels. This tactic is strikingly different from the previous one. The great descendant of Genghis Khan, Timur, decided not to wait, but chose the arson of camels as his means of salvation. And this happened during the capture of Delhi. In 1398, the conqueror's army faced the Sultan and his 120 war elephants. Then Timur ordered the soldiers to dismount and load the pack animals with the maximum amount of hay. As soon as the elephants went on the attack, the conquerors set fire to the camels and drove them towards the enemy. The sight of living torches running on them frightened the elephants. They turned back and rushed to the Indians. As a result, the giant beasts, well protected by chain mail and having poisoned tusks, trampled their own army. And Timur himself got the very 120 elephants, which he later used in the invasion of India.
The enemy of my enemy. On May 5, 1945, one of the strangest battles in World War II took place. Just three days before the official surrender of Germany, Major Joseph Gangl, along with nine soldiers and French prisoners, surrendered Itter Castle to fourteen American soldiers. When the Americans entered the fortress, they were forced to defend themselves against units of the 17th SS Grenadier Division, which were sent here to destroy the prisoners. Gangl realized that the prison would be seized before help arrived and offered to help with his subordinates. All morning German and American soldiers fought side by side. This was the only such incident in the history of World War II. A little later, help arrived to the Americans, but by that time Gangle himself had already been killed by a sniper. It should be noted that the provision of weapons to prisoners of war is considered permissible only in special cases.
Ice. Russian history teaches everyone that an invasion of its territory in winter is fraught with serious trouble. Napoleon and Hitler also experienced this, the lesson of the Teutonic knights did not go to them for the future. At that time, the crusaders were much better armed than the Russians. The attackers were clad in armor, even their horses were protected by plates. The light Russian army was easily defeated in open battle and retreated across the frozen ice of Lake Peipsi. Here our troops began to wait for the enemy, hoping that the lake would slow down the advance. Impatient knights rushed in pursuit. They didn’t take into account that the ice simply wouldn’t support the heavy weight of the armor. The crusaders began to fall through the ice, panic and chaos arose. And the Russian archers completed the rout, forcing the Teutonic knights to retreat.